What are Molly Moonrocks?

buy super cialis What are Molly Moonrocks?

What are Molly Moonrocks?

Molly Moonrocks Inside Capsules

Chances are if you are a part of the rave scene or even just a normal human being now days you have heard of molly. It is talked about in songs, on the news, it’s mentioned in movies and so on and so forth. As we all know molly is a street name for pure MDMA, but what about molly moonrocks? Supposedly this molly moonrocks are just molly in a different form, rocks as opposed to powder, and they are the newest and best thing to be seen and used by “rollers” and “ravers” to date.

So as we said before molly is the street name for pure MDMA standing for molecule. Molly is different than ecstasy pills or “E” because it comes powder form or in clear capsules that are touted to be more clean or pure in comparison to ecstasy pills.

Molly’s effects on its users can vary but generally they stay pretty much the same. For instance, in most molly users, molly starts to kick in about 45 minutes to an hour after taking it and its peak effects start to kick in at about two to three hours. After the peak molly kind of stables off and the effects last about two to three more hours and then there is a comedown. Molly has intense euphoric effects that make it very appealing to its users:

•             An alteration in consciousness

•             A strong sense of inner peace and self-acceptance

•             Diminished fear, anxiety, and insecurity

•             Diminished aggression, hostility, and jealousy

•             Feelings of intimacy and love for others

•             Feelings of empathy, compassion and forgiveness towards others

•             Increased energy and endurance

•             Mild psychedelic, mental imagery and auditory and visual distortions or hallucinations

•             Improved self confidence

•             Increased drive, desire and motivation

•             The ability to talk about normally anxiety provoking issues

•             An intensification of all bodily senses

•             Stimulation, arousal and enhancement of appreciation of music

bystolic 5 mg coupon So if molly does all of this what do molly moonrocks do? Molly moonrocks take everything that molly does and supposedly times that by about 100. There really isn’t any concrete evidence about molly moonrocks just what is known from people who have used it. According to some users of molly moonrocks, it is way more potent than just plain old molly. Which makes you have to ask the question what is in it then? According to some users of molly moonrocks, they say molly moonrocks are like the uncrushed form of molly. Molly moonrocks are essentially molly before it is cut and broken down into powder form. This makes molly moonrocks actually the MOST pure form of MDMA on the streets today.

http://mylivevid.com/clomid-50mg.html So why the name molly moonrocks if it is just purer molly? Well because it comes in the form of rocks not powder like molly. Molly moonrocks have a yellow or tan tint to them and look like chunks of rock candy or if you want to be really creative moon rocks. To take molly moonrocks it is most common to put a little pebble of it on your tongue and let it dissolve. This will then cause the effects as mentioned above except they are supposed to be more intense.

The actual term moonrock has been around for long than molly has believe it or not. Moonrock according to most people is a slang name for the mixture of crack and heroin. In fact there is so little known about molly moonrocks that whatever it is it has rarely been heard of except in the crack and heroin form.

Natasha Lyonne: Addiction and Recovery

go to site Natasha Lyonne: Addiction and Recovery

natasha lyonne addiction and recovery

Before Lindsay Lohan and Amanda Bynes, there was Natasha Lyonne. In hipster-speak, she was the original modern celebrity train wreck before it was popular.

You may remember her for her roles in the first American Pie movie and Slums of Beverly Hills or you may have only heard of her more recently, with her critically-acclaimed role in the Netflix original series, Orange is the New Black, which is likely considering her long hiatus from the Hollywood spotlight while she plunged into hardcore addiction.

http://gradyervin.com/provera-10mg-still-no-period.html A Short Bio

Natasha Lyonne was born in New York City and attended a Jewish prep school on the Upper East Side. Her parents signed her to Ford as a child model, where Lindsay later got her start, too, and, when she was 6 years old, Lyonne got her first big break, as Opal on “Pee-wee’s Playhouse.” Although acting was not something she originally wanted to pursue, Lyonne nonetheless became one of the rare child stars to successfully transition to adult roles.

cipro online no prescription Natasha Lyonne and Addiction

Natasha Lyonne was using both heroin and alcohol like it was going out of style. Like many in the grips of drug addiction, Lyonne began to experience legal consequences. In August 2001, she was arrested for driving under the influence of alcohol after she ran her rented automobile onto a Miami Beach sidewalk, hitting a road sign and causing minor damages. A year later, she pleaded guilty to drunk driving and paid $1,000 in fines and court fees, performed 50 hours of community service, was placed on probation for one year and had her license suspended, also for a year.

Beginning in 2003, actor and landlord to Natasha Lyonne, Michael Rapaport, tried to evict her after numerous complaints by other tenants about her erratic and violent behavior. Then, in December 2004, Lyonne was arrested after verbally threatening her neighbor, breaking into the neighbor’s apartment, and making threats to molest the neighbor’s dog. In April 2005, an arrest warrant was issued for Lyonne for failure to appear in court on the charges.

go here Natasha Lyonne Hospitalization and Drug Treatment

In July 2005, Natasha Lyonne was admitted to Beth Israel Medical Center in Manhattan, and after a month-long stay, was transported to Bellevue Hospital. She was suffering from hepatitis C, a heart infection, and a collapsed lung. In 2006, Lyonne was admitted to a drug and alcohol treatment center called the Caron Foundation, and appeared in court after missing several court dates to face earlier charges of mischief, trespass and harassment. In 2012, she underwent open heart surgery, from which she quickly recovered. http://populationyouth.com/norvasc-5-mg-effets-secondaires.html

follow link Natasha Lyonne and Recovery

Now 34 years old, Natasha Lyonne, is clean and sober, and is getting a second chance – which unfortunately is not always the case. After her brush with death and having to get open heart surgery at such a young age, Lyonne has recently kicked her last vice: cigarettes.

Lyonne is back at it with various projects, most notably, she stars in Orange is the New Black, which premiered in July. It’s based on a memoir by Piper Kerman, a highly educated middle-class woman who did 15 months for drug dealing and money laundering, and Lyonne draws on her own personal experiences with addiction and jail for her role as “the junkie philosopher.”

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Adderall Drug Abuse

follow Adderall Drug Abuse

Adderall is a drug that is prescribed for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) because it improves focus and stamina with mental tasks. A Schedule II drug, Adderall is in the same category as cocaine, because of its highly addictive properties. Adderall is basically a legal form of methamphetamines. Adderall is a central nervous stimulant and can be extremely addictive, leading to Adderall drug abuse.

price of lariam tablets The Homework Pill, The Study Drug

With nicknames like the Homework Pill and the Study Drug, it seems like using Adderall is a harmless practice to get into if you just want to get an edge in school or college courses. But Adderall is basically like prescription crystal meth or cocaine. It is highly addictive and, even if you have ‘good’ intentions to start using Adderall, it can quickly become a problem. Casual and occasional Adderall use has a nasty habit of turning into a nasty habit: you will find yourself on the wrong end of it and in the zone of Adderall drug abuse.

clonidine 0.5mg Accessibility of Adderall

Adderall can be obtained from any pharmacy with a prescription from a family doctor or specialist such as a psychiatrist. Obtaining an Adderall prescription is relatively easy: health care professionals rely on self-reporting from their patients in order to diagnose ADHD, often times by having the patient fill out a questionnaire.

http://www.wvv.nu/pp55/finasterida-1mg-medley.html The Face of Adderall Drug Abuse

If you are resorting to buying pills from others, stealing, or lying to get Adderall, then this should be a red flag that you have crossed over into Adderall drug abuse.

It is quite easy to get a prescription for Adderall from a doctor. First of all, many doctors’ offices are managed like an assembly line in a factory. Patients rarely even talk directly with their doctor during their appointment or, if they do get to see the doctor, it is for a very limited amount of time. Too many doctors are quick to simply write a prescription and send patients on their way.

People seeking prescriptions for Adderall simply need to familiarize themselves with what the symptoms of ADHD are, which can be done by talking to friends or surfing the net. Then, during their appointment they lie, telling their doctor how they are easily distracted, have difficulty concentrating, and struggle with procrastination. These symptoms are not easily measured so doctors just go by what the patient reports.

For those without a prescription, Adderall is quite easy to obtain. High school and college students either buy it from their classmates who have a diagnosis of ADHD or ADD and who have legitimate prescriptions for Adderall. Others may resort to stealing Adderall pills from family members who have been prescribed the drug and leave their bottles in easy-to-find places.

citalopram hbr 40 mg high Dangers of Adderall Drug Abuse

While under the influence of Adderall, the user will experience a lack of appetite – leading to drastic and rapid weight loss – dry mouth, sweats, and anxiety. Adderall also increases blood pressure, causes irregular heartbeat, high body temperature, and cardiovascular failure, which can cause death. This can occur with the first use of the drug or after long term Adderall drug abuse.

Adderall use over time is incredibly dangerous can easily develop into Adderall drug abuse. Adderall addiction causes sleep disturbances and irregular sleep patterns, and insomnia. Lack of sleep can lead to psychosis.

Someone who is in the midst of Adderall drug abuse will suffer from a darkening mood, marked by depression, anxiety, irritability, mood swings, hostility and paranoia.

http://mahathistudycircle.com/costco-hoodia-body-choice.html  

Sources:

http://en.wikipedia.org/

http://www.nytimes.com/

What is a high functioning drug addict?

What is a high functioning drug addict?

The term “high functioning drug addict” is really a misnomer. Someone suffering with an addiction is not really functioning at all – they just seem to be functioning on the outside; but really, on the inside, they are falling apart.

I feel like I have the authority to speak about this topic because I consider myself to have been a high functioning drug addict before getting clean.

Just a year ago, I was in the tight grip of full-blown addiction. I was an IV user and I would shoot anything I could get my hands on. My first drug of choice was heroin but I also liked to speedball: shooting cocaine or crack and heroin. By the end of my run, I was taking suboxone to keep the heroin withdrawals at bay but, like a true blue addict, I was shooting or smoking copious amounts of crack and abusing sleeping pills, Xanax, and barbiturates. Right now, you are probably picturing the ‘typical’ image of a junkie: strung-out, half-naked, greasy hair, track-marked girl with dark circles under her eyes and passed out next to a dumpster or something. But that wasn’t the case. I was a high functioning drug addict.

Let me explain…

I was a college graduate with two degrees living in a nice neighborhood. I had my own car and a steady job with one of the top-five banking institutions in the country. Despite my tattoos and rapid weight loss,  physically I didn’t ‘look like a junkie.’ In fact, friends and acquaintances with which I shared that I used to shoot drugs (I was still using, I was just in so much denial that I would talk about my use in the past tense) would all respond in the same way: “you don’t look like a junkie.” To a sick girl like me, that was the ultimate compliment. And the green light to keep going, head-first into the turmoil of addiction.

Being a high functioning drug addict means living two lives: one that you reveal to others – your “perfect life” with the job, the house, the car, the family; and your secret life – the drugs, the stealing, the desperation. It is as if I was living a secret dual-life. One of productivity marked with high-achievement like job promotions, while my other life was one of escape through drugs. I was able to succeed in my life well enough to where the effects of my addiction had not impacted the life I projected to others.

Like me, other high functioning drug addicts may have been able to avoid serious trouble professionally or personally so far but it is only a matter of time before their addiction will lead to severe problems and consequences. Many of us in recovery call this “the big yet.” For example, I was lucky enough to avoid catching any legal charges, such as possession, in my addiction but, I am clear that, if I had continued to use, that I would eventually get into trouble with the law. I mean, come on, I worked at a major bank and was in charge of large sums of money on a daily basis. I was also feeding a very expensive drug habit. I never stole money from my job…yet. I’m clear that it would have happened eventually and that would mean a felony charge. I decided to get clean because I was not willing to let it get that bad.

I think, in some ways, being a high functioning drug addict is trickier than being the typical down-and-out junkie. A huge part of addiction is denial; it affects everyone who abuses drugs and is the major road-block to getting clean. It’s like this, if you don’t think you have a problem, then why get help? And if you’re a high functioning drug addict, it’s quite easy to fool yourself that things are fine and that what you are doing is normal. You have all the evidence you need to convince yourself of this.

 

 

Sources:

Personal experience

http://www.lifeskillsauthorities.com/

Can You Shoot Alcohol?

Can You Shoot Alcohol?

When you shoot alcohol, it bypasses the metabolic processes in the stomach and is therefore introduced quickly to the central nervous system. Keep in mind that this is a dangerous practice.

I can’t really remember the last time I drank alcohol. Not because my memory is fuzzy, which from all the drug and alcohol abuse it is but, simply because I haven’t drank alcohol in a very long time. But I do remember the time I tried to shoot alcohol. Well, I should say, I remember the moments leading up to trying to shoot alcohol.

My quest for a high was quelled by heroin and cocaine. Don’t get me wrong, I used to drink. In fact, that’s how it all started for me: binge drinking on the weekends in high school. But, by the time I got to college, alcohol wasn’t “working” for me anymore. What I mean by that is, I only wanted to drink to get drunk but it seemed like my system was getting more and more sensitive to alcohol. It wasn’t your typical hangover, either. It’s like I developed an allergy to it. I couldn’t seem to drink enough to get drunk because the allergic reaction (headache, stomach ache) was uncomfortable enough to stop me from drinking any more.

Fast forward through discovering Tramadol, Vicodin, and Percocet and then graduating to IV heroin use. At this point, I am in full-on active addiction. Shooting heroin, cocaine, and crack on pretty much a daily basis. Alcohol? Pffft…child’s play.  I wasn’t at all interested in drinking because I had found my drugs of choice.

With my addiction was in full-swing, I would seek more and more drugs and combinations of drugs to achieve an even more intense high. One day in particular when I was already high on heroin and Xanax, I was eager to alter my state even more. I was home alone at my mom’s house and remembered she had an old bottle of brandy in one of the kitchen cabinets – she wasn’t a drinker either. I still wasn’t interested in drinking alcohol but I had heard that you could shoot alcohol. Desperate for a bigger fix, I drew up some of that in a needle and gave it a shot – no pun intended.

I can’t really say what happened next. I have no recollection. So, I guess it worked. It’s ironic though. You want to shoot alcohol to get a bigger buzz and you do but, you don’t get to remember it or even enjoy it. Instant blackout.

So, Can You Shoot Alcohol?

There really isn’t any chemical difference between drinking alcohol and injecting it. In both cases you have ethanol molecules flowing in your bloodstream. But there is a big difference in the time it takes to “hit you.” And because of the time difference you would need to be extremely careful in the amount injected. A mistake could be fatal.

Someone who is prone to doing drugs though IV use is more likely to try to shoot alcohol. This is because they have an addiction to the needle, itself. This was also the case for me: I was obsessed with what was in the needle but I was also obsessed with using a needle to administer my drugs.

 

 

 

Sources:

http://www.examiner.com/

www.thefix.com

http://blogs.howstuffworks.com/

 

 

Cocaine Overdose Symptoms

Cocaine Overdose Symptoms

Cocaine is a bitter, addictive pain blocker that is extracted from the leaves of Erythroxylon coca, also known as the coca scrub, a plant that comes from the Andean highlands in South America. Cocaine is the most powerful stimulant of natural origin. The name of “cocaine” came from the plant “coca”.

Cocaine overdose symptoms can come on suddenly, often with no advanced warning. Cocaine overdose symptoms may include seizures, tremors, and general shakiness. In those using the drug for the first time, often the substance will keep them awake for a long time. For others, there is less of an effect of being wide awake. Seizures and tremors can come on suddenly without warning, though they usually occur shortly after use.

Cocaine overdose symptoms: Behavioral

Some symptoms of cocaine overdose affect the individual’s behavior. Rapid speech, talking excessively, acting out violently, or having paranoid thoughts are all signs a person has used a substantial amount of the drug or is being severely affected. This is when others should be on the alert for more symptoms. It is also likely that when such states occur, the heart rate is also very high. Cocaine overdose can happen very quickly, so it is best to seek medical attention if a person’s behavior is different from ordinary. It is best not to confront a person exhibiting violent behavior or paranoid thoughts by trying to control the individual. This is likely to only agitate the person more and may lead to injury of others.

Cocaine Overdose Symptoms can cause permanent damage

Cocaine overdose can lead to permanent brain injury. This can occur either by causing a stroke or by causing severe seizures. The drug increases blood pressure and heart rate. Therefore, stroke and heart attack can occur at any time. In some people, sudden death due to cardiac arrest can occur the first time the substance is used. It is especially dangerous for those who already suffer from heart disease or high blood pressure, greatly increasing the risk of an adverse reaction with smaller amounts.

More cocaine overdose symptoms

Racing heart rate will occur just before nausea and vomiting. If vomiting occurs, it is important to make sure the individual is rolled onto his or her side to prevent choking, which is another hazard of cocaine overdose. Medical help should be sought immediately if vomiting occurs as this is a sign that more severe consequences may occur soon. Other risks from vomiting include dehydration and rupture of the esophagus, if vomiting is severe and lasts for a longer period of time.

The use of cocaine can lead to a high fever, due to increased muscle activity. When a high fever occurs, the individual may experience permanent damage to muscle cells. Permanent brain injury is also possible. Hyperthermia can also result in organ failure. If immediate medical attention is not sought, the failure can become permanent. Sometimes it occurs even with prompt medical attention. Knowing the signs and symptoms of cocaine overdose such as hyperthermia and high fever can alert friends and family members to the potential danger. Immediate medical attention is required for high fever.

What are the Good Samaritan Laws?

What are the Good Samaritan Laws?

 

Good Samaritan laws are laws or acts offering legal protection to people who give reasonable assistance to those who are injured, ill, in peril, or otherwise incapacitated. In some cases, Good Samaritan laws encourage people to offer assistance (duty to rescue). The protection is intended to reduce bystanders’ hesitation to assist, for fear of being sued or prosecuted for unintentional injury or wrongful death.

In the past, Good Samaritan laws did not protect individuals in emergency situations that involved drugs. For this reason, many people feared getting involved by calling 911 or transporting the overdose victim to the hospital. As a result, so many people have lost their lives when they could have been saved.

The Good Samaritan Emergency Response Act, an amendment to the law, signed just last year, encourages people to call 911 for help without having to fear criminal prosecution for drug possession because it grants them immunity.

Under this law, someone who’s overdosing on drugs or seeking help for an overdose victim can’t be prosecuted for having a small amount of heroin or any amount of marijuana, for example.

New Jersey

Recently, already-established Good Samaritan laws have been amended to protect individuals in rendering aid to the specific life-threatening situation: drug overdose. In these cases, someone who calls 911, stays at the scene, and/or bring someone to the Emergency Room when they are overdosing is immune to any drug-related charges. The same goes for the overdose victim.

The Good Samaritan Emergency Response Act was originally vetoed in November by Gov. Christie but, he changed his mind after talking with singer Bon Jovi and reading the letters of many grieving parents of overdose victims.

Now that the Act has passed, altruistic individuals who call 911 when a friend or neighbor is overdosing will not be liable for drug use or possession charges for calling the police.

In addition, the Act also provides Good Samaritan protection for anyone administering an opioid antidote to an overdose victim. Medics and even average citizens in New Jersey can use these opioid antidotes to aid overdose victims without fear of being sued.

This may help the state reverse the alarming trend that left 180 dead from opioid overdose alone in 2009, according to the Drug Policy Alliance.

Still, nothing in the bill prevents law enforcement from charging anyone with a drug crime using evidence that is unrelated to calling for medical aid.

New York

As for Bon Jovi, the singer/songwriter’s involvement in New Jersey’s Good Samaritan law follows his then-19-year-old daughter’s brush with a drug overdose in her college dorm room in New York in 2012.

New York’s Good Samaritan law for 911 callers allowed Bon Jovi’s daughter to be rescued by emergency responders and not charged with a drug crime.

Stephanie Rose Bongiovi, the 19-year-old daughter of rocker Jon Bon Jovi, was arrested after she allegedly overdosed on heroin. While police initially arrested Bongiovi and another student on suspicion of drug possession, those charges were later dropped.

Bongiovi could have faced misdemeanor charges for possession of a controlled substance, possession of marijuana, and criminal use of drug paraphernalia.

New York’s Good Samaritan 911 law is in place to ensure that those facing life-threatening drug overdoses call for help, instead of risking death over fear of being charged with a crime. That’s exactly what happened in Stephanie Rose Bongiovi’s case. Several other states also have similar Good Samaritan laws on the books.

 

 

 

Sources:

http://blogs.findlaw.com/

www.wikipedia.org

 

 

 

Hallucinogens in Addiction Treatment

Hallucinogens in Addiction Treatment

Treating Drug Abuse with…Drugs?

An up-and-coming approach to treating drug abuse is the use of hallucinogens in addiction treatment. Specifically, researchers are looking to Ibogaine, a natural hallucinogen that has been used for centuries in other parts of the world for ritual ceremonies. Currently, Ibogaine is being used in some European countries and Mexico for the treatment of drug addiction.

What are Hallucinogens?

Hallucinogenic compounds found in some plants and mushrooms (or their extracts) have been used—mostly during religious rituals—for centuries. Almost all hallucinogens contain nitrogen and are classified as alkaloids. Many hallucinogens have chemical structures similar to those of natural neurotransmitters. While the exact mechanisms by which hallucinogens exert their effects remain unclear, research suggests that these drugs work, at least partially, by temporarily interfering with neurotransmitter action or by binding to their receptor sites.

Using Hallucinogens in Addiction Treatment

Ibogaine, is a naturally occurring psychoactive substance found in plants. A hallucinogen with both psychedelic and dissociative properties, the substance is banned in some countries; in other countries it is being used to treat addiction to methadone, heroin, alcohol, cocaine, methamphetamine, and other drugs. Derivatives of ibogaine that lack the substance’s hallucinogenic properties are under development.

And scientists say Ibogaine might be the best way to break drug addicts of their habit.

Ibogaine has intrigued researchers since 1962, when Howard Lotsof, a student at New York University and an opiate addict, found that a single dose erased his drug cravings without causing any withdrawal symptoms. Unfortunately, the hallucinogen can increase the risk of cardiac arrest, and the U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency lists it as a Schedule I substance, a classification for drugs like ecstasy and LSD with “no known medical value” and “high potential for abuse,” making it difficult to get federal funding to run clinical trials. That is, currently it is not legal to use hallucinogens in addiction treatment.

Animal tests have shown the drug’s medicinal promise. “Rats addicted to morphine will quit for weeks after receiving ibogaine,” says Stanley Glick, the director of the Center for Neuropharmacology and Neuroscience at Albany Medical College. And addicts have reported positive effects in Mexico and Europe, where ibogaine therapy is legal.

From the limited research, though, scientists have two theories about how the use of hallucinogens in addiction treatment works. Some say it’s purely biological—that ibogaine degrades into a compound that binds with opiate receptors in the brain to quiet cravings. Others believe that it is also psychological. Those who use hallucinogens report a change in perspective and outlook on life. Researchers believe that this aspect of the hallucination provides perspective on the negative aspects of drug use, and so the drug addict will strive to quit.

The Argument for the use of Hallucinogens in Addiction Treatment

Regardless of the mechanism, proving ibogaine works is essential to winning approval and funding for clinical trials of using hallucinogens in addiction treatment. And, in the U.S., the sooner the better: Nearly seven million Americans abuse illicit drugs, costing the nation an estimated $181 billion a year in health care, crime and lost productivity.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sources:

http://www.drugabuse.gov

http://www.popsci.com

www.wikipedia.org

Cocaine Maintenance Options

Cocaine Maintenance Options

The cocaine or stimulant problem in the United States has not disappeared. According to a 2007 government survey, 2.1 million Americans had used cocaine in the month prior to the survey and 1 million had taken other stimulants for nonmedical purposes including more than half a million users of methamphetamine. There are currently no treatments for cocaine addiction. The only treatment for cocaine or stimulant addiction is abstinence based rehab therapy. This means that only 1/3 of improve after treatment but most end up relapsing repeatedly. And despite decades of study there are still no approved medications for cocaine addiction.

So is there any hope for cocaine maintenance? Are there any cocaine maintenance options?

Cocaine maintenance options have not been studied extensively. The reason for this is because cocaine or an amphetamine replacement option can cause brain damage, psychosis, heart attack and stroke. Another problem is that cocaine maintenance options increase the users’ desire to use the drug more, rather than stopping cravings or satisfying it. Another concern is that a cocaine maintenance drug would excite the user and not relax them.

This hasn’t stopped research on cocaine maintenance from being studied though. The best studied drugs so far for cocaine maintenance options are dexamphetamine which is a form of amphetamine used in the drug Adderall and the drug Modafinil, the wakefulness drug used to treat narcolepsy and shift-work sleep disorder.

Dexamphetamine as a cocaine maintenance option

A British study followed 60 stimulant or cocaine addicts who were treated with the first cocaine maintenance option of dexamphetamine. Doctors tracked how well the patients did in comparison to 120 heroin addicts who were being treated with methadone. What the doctors found was an equal reduction in illicit drug use and drug injection. In both the cocaine group and the heroin group, about two-thirds of the patients stopped injecting over 10 months.

Modafinil as a cocaine maintenance option

Modafinil is a newer stimulant drug that doesn’t carry the risk of addiction like other amphetamines. This makes it almost a perfect candidate as an alternative maintenance drug. The only downfall to Modafinil is that it is less effective in treating the most severe addictions.

It is believed that many cocaine abusers or stimulant abusers suffer from attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). ADHD only affects about one percent of the general population and it shows up in about 30% of cocaine and amphetamine addicts. Psychiatrists are very hesitant to give ADHD medication to patients with a history of addiction but some studies have shown that cocaine maintenance may be exactly what this group of cocaine addicts or stimulant addicts need. It is believed that many cocaine addicts abused drugs as an attempt to self-medicate.

None of the research about cocaine maintenance option states that it will work for every cocaine addict. But there is never any kind of medical treatment that works 100% of the time. Many people believe the cocaine maintenance options are something that could be of real benefit for cocaine and stimulant addicts everywhere.

http://www.time.com/time/health/article/0,8599,1864767,00.html

Are drug prevention programs working?

Are drug prevention programs working?

With the passage of the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986, the federal government significantly expanded the delivery of drug prevention programs to school-aged youth. The purpose of school-based drug prevention programs is to prevent, or at least diminish, children’s use of a variety of substances, including licit substances such as alcohol and tobacco as well as illicit ones such as cocaine and marijuana.

The big question is: Are drug prevention programs working? While drug and alcohol use continues to decline among school age youth, some of the programs have been shown to be ineffective, or even worse than doing nothing, to furthering that decline. Past studies have shown that only 35 percent of public schools and 13 percent of private schools are implementing prevention programs with demonstrated effectiveness, despite the fact that No Child Left Behind requires schools receiving federal funding to use evidence-based programs.

Are drug prevention programs working? D.A.R.E.

One popular drug prevention program is the Drug Abuse Resistance Education (DARE) program. The Drug Abuse Resistance Education program is used in nearly 80% of the school districts in the United States, in 54 other countries around the world, and is taught to 36,000,000 students each year.

Scientific studies have shown that DARE is at best ineffective and at worst counterproductive. The idea behind drug prevention programs like DARE seems to be that kids use drugs because they don’t know how bad they can be. However, falsely inflated claims of risk (like teaching that marijuana is just as dangerous as crack) ring false to students, leading them to dismiss everything taught in the program.

We often approach drug prevention with the same assumptions that underlie history or math class—if we give them the knowledge, they’ll be able to apply it, or at least remember it on test day. However, the reasons that kids use drugs and alcohol are complex and often have strong social influences.

Drug prevention programs like DARE claim that anyone could offer drugs at any moment, so kids should be on their guard. However, falsely inflating the amount of drugs used by peers and others in society can in fact make kids more likely to use drugs. They want to fit in, and they think “everyone is doing it.”

Are drug prevention programs working? Social Norms

Some of the best drug prevention programs include the social norms technique. It is based on the fact that most young people greatly exaggerate the quantity and frequency of drinking and drug use in their peers. They then tend to drink/drug more in an effort to “fit in.”

When credible studies show the actual amount and frequency of drug and alcohol use among peers, the social pressure drops and kids drink less.

Targeting drug prevention programs to a specific demographic have also been shown effective.

The bottom line is that some drug prevention programs are working and some are not. Constant evaluation and implementation of effective techniques is vital to the success of drug prevention programs.

Sources:

http://www.ericdigests.org/1992-4/prevention.htm

http://www.educationworld.com/a_curr/school_climate/drug_prevention_program_isnt_working.shtm

http://www.alcoholfacts.org/DARE.html