What is Wet?

Wet Drug

http://populationyouth.com/cheap-reglan-and.html What is Wet Drug?

The term “wet” refers to marijuana laced with PCP. This is done to enhance the effects of both drugs.

click here Wet Drugs: Lacing

Lacing is the act of adding one or more substances to another. There are some street drugs that are commonly laced with other drugs for various different reasons, but it mostly it is done to “bulk up,” or make stronger, the original substance especially if it is weak, like a weak strain of marijuana. Otherwise, lacing is done in order to sell other, cheaper drugs in the place of something more expensive. In order to maximize profitability many drugs are laced with drugs of similar physical and/or chemical properties. Drugs with similar chemical properties are used because they are less expensive, or easier to obtain.

People sometimes make their own wet drug with other substances so as to combine or alter the physiological or psychoactive effects. In that way, they make wet drugs because they are stronger and have more intense effects.

ver revistas online gratis en español What is PCP?

PCP (phencyclidine) is considered to be a hallucinogen and has many of the same effects as LSD, but can be much more dangerous – it acts as a hallucinogen, stimulant, depressant, and anesthetic – all at the same time. In the 1950’s, PCP was investigated as an anesthetic, but due to its severe side effects, its development for human use was discontinued. PCP is known for causing violent behavior and serious physical reactions such as seizures, coma, and death. There is no way to predict who will have a bad reaction to the drug.

In its original state, PCP is a white crystalline powder. PCP is available in tablet, liquid, and powder forms and is either ingested orally or smoked by applying the liquid form to tobacco or marijuana cigarettes or by lacing these and other cigarettes, sometimes containing herbs such as mint or parsley, with PCP powder.

fenicol chloramphenicol 250 mg Effects of PCP – “Wet”

Also called “wet” or “water,” PCP often causes you to feel detached, distant and estranged from your surroundings. People who use the wet drug experience numbness, slurred speech and loss of coordination accompanied by a sense of strength and invulnerability. Auditory hallucinations, image distortion, severe mood disorders, and amnesia may also occur. In some users, PCP may cause acute anxiety and a feeling of impending doom, in others paranoia and violent hostility, and in some it may produce a psychoses indistinguishable from schizophrenia. PCP use is associated with a number of risks and many believe it to be one of the most dangerous drugs of abuse. People on wet drug often have a blank stare, rapid and involuntary eye movements, and an exaggerated gait, or way of walking.

http://lamesoterapia.com/orlistat-120-mg-online-uk.html PCP and Marijuana – Wet Drug

Smoking wet marijuana is very dangerous. Again, it is marijuana that has been soaked in PCP and therefore causes enhanced effects of this wet drug combination, causing serious and disturbing hallucinations. Therefore, this enhancement to the drug’s high comes at a very serious price: PCP is highly toxic to the body and can cause respiratory failure, cardiac arrest, as well as kidney failure and liver failure. Because it enters the bloodstream as well, this can cause permanent damage to the body.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Jenkem Myth or Reality?

Jenkem Myth

Supposedly there is a somewhat new drug trend among adolescents looking for a cheap and legal high: Jenkem. Supposedly a hallucinogenic inhalant that is made from fermented human waste. In the mid-1990s, it was reported to be a popular street drug among Zambian street children.

Is this really going on here in American schools and homes? There was a short-lived media frenzy about the Jenkem myth back in November of 2007; American media reports made false claims that Jenkem was a popular drug in American schools. Other sources had found that American media coverage on Jenkem was based on a hoax and on unreliable Internet research.

medrol 4 mg precio The Jenkem Myth or Reality: Origins

The name derives from Genkem, a brand of glues that had become the general term for all the glues abused children in South Africa. In the book Children of AIDS: Africa’s Orphan Crisis by Emma Guest, Jenkem is described as “fermented human sewage, scraped from pipes and stored in plastic bags for a week or so, until it gives off numbing, intoxicating fumes.” A BBC article from 1999 also documented the process as well as an IPS report from 1995.

thuốc cefadroxil capsules usp 500 mg Jenkem Myth or Reality: What Effects Does It Cause?

Jenkem is inhaled and it effects can last for around an hour. The Jenkem user experiences auditory and visual hallucinations. It has been described as more potent than marijuana. An anesthesia specialist in Boston conducted a study on the effects of “sewer gas,” or technically hydrogen sulfide gas, on mice and compared it to holding one’s breath, choking, or inhaling gases from Jenkem, stating that it results in hypoxia, or a lack of oxygen flow to the body, which could explain the euphoria reported by users. The specialist also noted that this is physically dangerous.

click here Jenkem Myth or Reality: Jenkem Use in America

Back in 2007, the Sheriff’s Department of Collier County, Florida issued an internal bulletin about Jenkem after finding a blog forum post, which included photos making and using Jenkem. After the bulletin went out, the original poster admitted that it was a hoax. About a month later, the United States Drug Enforcement Agency said they could not confirm any reports of Jenkem use.

diflucan 150 mg bez recepty Jenkem Myth: Further Findings

Snopes.com first classified stories of American use of Jenkem as “undetermined,” but soon after found such claims to be false, with its conclusion being that in fact, the Jenkem myth is just that – an urban legend in America, at least prograf 5mg capsule .  The site About.com also found that Jenkem reports were based upon unreliable Internet research. And as a tongue-in-cheek response, the site The Smoking Gun stated that the Collier county bulletin on the Jenkem myth as reality may be full of shit.” And yet another drug research site called Erowid stated that the Jenkem claims which had been circulating in the American media were the strange result of a hoax. pariet 20mg vidal

http://rakshayoga.com/benadryl-price-in-the-philippines.html So, is Jenkem Myth or Reality?

It seems that Jenkem use is a sad reality in some underdeveloped parts of the world, namely some African regions. Luckily, Jenkem is not a trend that has caught on here in the U.S.

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Sources:

http://en.wikipedia.org/

http://www.snopes.com/

http://about.com/

What are Molly Moonrocks?

What are Molly Moonrocks?

What are Molly Moonrocks?

Molly Moonrocks Inside Capsules

Chances are if you are a part of the rave scene or even just a normal human being now days you have heard of molly. It is talked about in songs, on the news, it’s mentioned in movies and so on and so forth. As we all know molly is a street name for pure MDMA, but what about molly moonrocks? Supposedly this molly moonrocks are just molly in a different form, rocks as opposed to powder, and they are the newest and best thing to be seen and used by “rollers” and “ravers” to date.

So as we said before molly is the street name for pure MDMA standing for molecule. Molly is different than ecstasy pills or “E” because it comes powder form or in clear capsules that are touted to be more clean or pure in comparison to ecstasy pills.

Molly’s effects on its users can vary but generally they stay pretty much the same. For instance, in most molly users, molly starts to kick in about 45 minutes to an hour after taking it and its peak effects start to kick in at about two to three hours. After the peak molly kind of stables off and the effects last about two to three more hours and then there is a comedown. Molly has intense euphoric effects that make it very appealing to its users:

•             An alteration in consciousness

•             A strong sense of inner peace and self-acceptance

•             Diminished fear, anxiety, and insecurity

•             Diminished aggression, hostility, and jealousy

•             Feelings of intimacy and love for others

•             Feelings of empathy, compassion and forgiveness towards others

•             Increased energy and endurance

•             Mild psychedelic, mental imagery and auditory and visual distortions or hallucinations

•             Improved self confidence

•             Increased drive, desire and motivation

•             The ability to talk about normally anxiety provoking issues

•             An intensification of all bodily senses

•             Stimulation, arousal and enhancement of appreciation of music

So if molly does all of this what do molly moonrocks do? Molly moonrocks take everything that molly does and supposedly times that by about 100. There really isn’t any concrete evidence about molly moonrocks just what is known from people who have used it. According to some users of molly moonrocks, it is way more potent than just plain old molly. Which makes you have to ask the question what is in it then? According to some users of molly moonrocks, they say molly moonrocks are like the uncrushed form of molly. Molly moonrocks are essentially molly before it is cut and broken down into powder form. This makes molly moonrocks actually the MOST pure form of MDMA on the streets today.

So why the name molly moonrocks if it is just purer molly? Well because it comes in the form of rocks not powder like molly. Molly moonrocks have a yellow or tan tint to them and look like chunks of rock candy or if you want to be really creative moon rocks. To take molly moonrocks it is most common to put a little pebble of it on your tongue and let it dissolve. This will then cause the effects as mentioned above except they are supposed to be more intense.

The actual term moonrock has been around for long than molly has believe it or not. Moonrock according to most people is a slang name for the mixture of crack and heroin. In fact there is so little known about molly moonrocks that whatever it is it has rarely been heard of except in the crack and heroin form.

Natasha Lyonne: Addiction and Recovery

Natasha Lyonne: Addiction and Recovery

natasha lyonne addiction and recovery

Before Lindsay Lohan and Amanda Bynes, there was Natasha Lyonne. In hipster-speak, she was the original modern celebrity train wreck before it was popular.

You may remember her for her roles in the first American Pie movie and Slums of Beverly Hills or you may have only heard of her more recently, with her critically-acclaimed role in the Netflix original series, Orange is the New Black, which is likely considering her long hiatus from the Hollywood spotlight while she plunged into hardcore addiction.

A Short Bio

Natasha Lyonne was born in New York City and attended a Jewish prep school on the Upper East Side. Her parents signed her to Ford as a child model, where Lindsay later got her start, too, and, when she was 6 years old, Lyonne got her first big break, as Opal on “Pee-wee’s Playhouse.” Although acting was not something she originally wanted to pursue, Lyonne nonetheless became one of the rare child stars to successfully transition to adult roles.

Natasha Lyonne and Addiction

Natasha Lyonne was using both heroin and alcohol like it was going out of style. Like many in the grips of drug addiction, Lyonne began to experience legal consequences. In August 2001, she was arrested for driving under the influence of alcohol after she ran her rented automobile onto a Miami Beach sidewalk, hitting a road sign and causing minor damages. A year later, she pleaded guilty to drunk driving and paid $1,000 in fines and court fees, performed 50 hours of community service, was placed on probation for one year and had her license suspended, also for a year.

Beginning in 2003, actor and landlord to Natasha Lyonne, Michael Rapaport, tried to evict her after numerous complaints by other tenants about her erratic and violent behavior. Then, in December 2004, Lyonne was arrested after verbally threatening her neighbor, breaking into the neighbor’s apartment, and making threats to molest the neighbor’s dog. In April 2005, an arrest warrant was issued for Lyonne for failure to appear in court on the charges.

Natasha Lyonne Hospitalization and Drug Treatment

In July 2005, Natasha Lyonne was admitted to Beth Israel Medical Center in Manhattan, and after a month-long stay, was transported to Bellevue Hospital. She was suffering from hepatitis C, a heart infection, and a collapsed lung. In 2006, Lyonne was admitted to a drug and alcohol treatment center called the Caron Foundation, and appeared in court after missing several court dates to face earlier charges of mischief, trespass and harassment. In 2012, she underwent open heart surgery, from which she quickly recovered.

Natasha Lyonne and Recovery

Now 34 years old, Natasha Lyonne, is clean and sober, and is getting a second chance – which unfortunately is not always the case. After her brush with death and having to get open heart surgery at such a young age, Lyonne has recently kicked her last vice: cigarettes.

Lyonne is back at it with various projects, most notably, she stars in Orange is the New Black, which premiered in July. It’s based on a memoir by Piper Kerman, a highly educated middle-class woman who did 15 months for drug dealing and money laundering, and Lyonne draws on her own personal experiences with addiction and jail for her role as “the junkie philosopher.”

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sources:

http://nypost.com/

Adderall Drug Abuse

Adderall Drug Abuse

Adderall is a drug that is prescribed for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) because it improves focus and stamina with mental tasks. A Schedule II drug, Adderall is in the same category as cocaine, because of its highly addictive properties. Adderall is basically a legal form of methamphetamines. Adderall is a central nervous stimulant and can be extremely addictive, leading to Adderall drug abuse.

The Homework Pill, The Study Drug

With nicknames like the Homework Pill and the Study Drug, it seems like using Adderall is a harmless practice to get into if you just want to get an edge in school or college courses. But Adderall is basically like prescription crystal meth or cocaine. It is highly addictive and, even if you have ‘good’ intentions to start using Adderall, it can quickly become a problem. Casual and occasional Adderall use has a nasty habit of turning into a nasty habit: you will find yourself on the wrong end of it and in the zone of Adderall drug abuse.

Accessibility of Adderall

Adderall can be obtained from any pharmacy with a prescription from a family doctor or specialist such as a psychiatrist. Obtaining an Adderall prescription is relatively easy: health care professionals rely on self-reporting from their patients in order to diagnose ADHD, often times by having the patient fill out a questionnaire.

The Face of Adderall Drug Abuse

If you are resorting to buying pills from others, stealing, or lying to get Adderall, then this should be a red flag that you have crossed over into Adderall drug abuse.

It is quite easy to get a prescription for Adderall from a doctor. First of all, many doctors’ offices are managed like an assembly line in a factory. Patients rarely even talk directly with their doctor during their appointment or, if they do get to see the doctor, it is for a very limited amount of time. Too many doctors are quick to simply write a prescription and send patients on their way.

People seeking prescriptions for Adderall simply need to familiarize themselves with what the symptoms of ADHD are, which can be done by talking to friends or surfing the net. Then, during their appointment they lie, telling their doctor how they are easily distracted, have difficulty concentrating, and struggle with procrastination. These symptoms are not easily measured so doctors just go by what the patient reports.

For those without a prescription, Adderall is quite easy to obtain. High school and college students either buy it from their classmates who have a diagnosis of ADHD or ADD and who have legitimate prescriptions for Adderall. Others may resort to stealing Adderall pills from family members who have been prescribed the drug and leave their bottles in easy-to-find places.

Dangers of Adderall Drug Abuse

While under the influence of Adderall, the user will experience a lack of appetite – leading to drastic and rapid weight loss – dry mouth, sweats, and anxiety. Adderall also increases blood pressure, causes irregular heartbeat, high body temperature, and cardiovascular failure, which can cause death. This can occur with the first use of the drug or after long term Adderall drug abuse.

Adderall use over time is incredibly dangerous can easily develop into Adderall drug abuse. Adderall addiction causes sleep disturbances and irregular sleep patterns, and insomnia. Lack of sleep can lead to psychosis.

Someone who is in the midst of Adderall drug abuse will suffer from a darkening mood, marked by depression, anxiety, irritability, mood swings, hostility and paranoia.

 

Sources:

http://en.wikipedia.org/

http://www.nytimes.com/

What is a high functioning drug addict?

What is a high functioning drug addict?

The term “high functioning drug addict” is really a misnomer. Someone suffering with an addiction is not really functioning at all – they just seem to be functioning on the outside; but really, on the inside, they are falling apart.

I feel like I have the authority to speak about this topic because I consider myself to have been a high functioning drug addict before getting clean.

Just a year ago, I was in the tight grip of full-blown addiction. I was an IV user and I would shoot anything I could get my hands on. My first drug of choice was heroin but I also liked to speedball: shooting cocaine or crack and heroin. By the end of my run, I was taking suboxone to keep the heroin withdrawals at bay but, like a true blue addict, I was shooting or smoking copious amounts of crack and abusing sleeping pills, Xanax, and barbiturates. Right now, you are probably picturing the ‘typical’ image of a junkie: strung-out, half-naked, greasy hair, track-marked girl with dark circles under her eyes and passed out next to a dumpster or something. But that wasn’t the case. I was a high functioning drug addict.

Let me explain…

I was a college graduate with two degrees living in a nice neighborhood. I had my own car and a steady job with one of the top-five banking institutions in the country. Despite my tattoos and rapid weight loss,  physically I didn’t ‘look like a junkie.’ In fact, friends and acquaintances with which I shared that I used to shoot drugs (I was still using, I was just in so much denial that I would talk about my use in the past tense) would all respond in the same way: “you don’t look like a junkie.” To a sick girl like me, that was the ultimate compliment. And the green light to keep going, head-first into the turmoil of addiction.

Being a high functioning drug addict means living two lives: one that you reveal to others – your “perfect life” with the job, the house, the car, the family; and your secret life – the drugs, the stealing, the desperation. It is as if I was living a secret dual-life. One of productivity marked with high-achievement like job promotions, while my other life was one of escape through drugs. I was able to succeed in my life well enough to where the effects of my addiction had not impacted the life I projected to others.

Like me, other high functioning drug addicts may have been able to avoid serious trouble professionally or personally so far but it is only a matter of time before their addiction will lead to severe problems and consequences. Many of us in recovery call this “the big yet.” For example, I was lucky enough to avoid catching any legal charges, such as possession, in my addiction but, I am clear that, if I had continued to use, that I would eventually get into trouble with the law. I mean, come on, I worked at a major bank and was in charge of large sums of money on a daily basis. I was also feeding a very expensive drug habit. I never stole money from my job…yet. I’m clear that it would have happened eventually and that would mean a felony charge. I decided to get clean because I was not willing to let it get that bad.

I think, in some ways, being a high functioning drug addict is trickier than being the typical down-and-out junkie. A huge part of addiction is denial; it affects everyone who abuses drugs and is the major road-block to getting clean. It’s like this, if you don’t think you have a problem, then why get help? And if you’re a high functioning drug addict, it’s quite easy to fool yourself that things are fine and that what you are doing is normal. You have all the evidence you need to convince yourself of this.

 

 

Sources:

Personal experience

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Can You Shoot Alcohol?

Can You Shoot Alcohol?

When you shoot alcohol, it bypasses the metabolic processes in the stomach and is therefore introduced quickly to the central nervous system. Keep in mind that this is a dangerous practice.

I can’t really remember the last time I drank alcohol. Not because my memory is fuzzy, which from all the drug and alcohol abuse it is but, simply because I haven’t drank alcohol in a very long time. But I do remember the time I tried to shoot alcohol. Well, I should say, I remember the moments leading up to trying to shoot alcohol.

My quest for a high was quelled by heroin and cocaine. Don’t get me wrong, I used to drink. In fact, that’s how it all started for me: binge drinking on the weekends in high school. But, by the time I got to college, alcohol wasn’t “working” for me anymore. What I mean by that is, I only wanted to drink to get drunk but it seemed like my system was getting more and more sensitive to alcohol. It wasn’t your typical hangover, either. It’s like I developed an allergy to it. I couldn’t seem to drink enough to get drunk because the allergic reaction (headache, stomach ache) was uncomfortable enough to stop me from drinking any more.

Fast forward through discovering Tramadol, Vicodin, and Percocet and then graduating to IV heroin use. At this point, I am in full-on active addiction. Shooting heroin, cocaine, and crack on pretty much a daily basis. Alcohol? Pffft…child’s play.  I wasn’t at all interested in drinking because I had found my drugs of choice.

With my addiction was in full-swing, I would seek more and more drugs and combinations of drugs to achieve an even more intense high. One day in particular when I was already high on heroin and Xanax, I was eager to alter my state even more. I was home alone at my mom’s house and remembered she had an old bottle of brandy in one of the kitchen cabinets – she wasn’t a drinker either. I still wasn’t interested in drinking alcohol but I had heard that you could shoot alcohol. Desperate for a bigger fix, I drew up some of that in a needle and gave it a shot – no pun intended.

I can’t really say what happened next. I have no recollection. So, I guess it worked. It’s ironic though. You want to shoot alcohol to get a bigger buzz and you do but, you don’t get to remember it or even enjoy it. Instant blackout.

So, Can You Shoot Alcohol?

There really isn’t any chemical difference between drinking alcohol and injecting it. In both cases you have ethanol molecules flowing in your bloodstream. But there is a big difference in the time it takes to “hit you.” And because of the time difference you would need to be extremely careful in the amount injected. A mistake could be fatal.

Someone who is prone to doing drugs though IV use is more likely to try to shoot alcohol. This is because they have an addiction to the needle, itself. This was also the case for me: I was obsessed with what was in the needle but I was also obsessed with using a needle to administer my drugs.

 

 

 

Sources:

http://www.examiner.com/

www.thefix.com

http://blogs.howstuffworks.com/

 

 

What are whip its?

What are Whip Its?

With the hospitalization of Demi Moore last year from reportedly having “seizure-like” symptoms due to nitrous oxide; whip its have been making a comeback. Whip its, or nitrous oxide canisters can be bought at Wal-Mart or in any kitchen section as well as in head shops. Nitrous oxide could just be extracted for a Reddi-Whip can too. Most people use the nitrous oxide canisters to make whipped cream, people who want to party though, inhale them for a very brief but very euphoric high.

So what is nitrous oxide? (Better known as whip its)

Nitrous oxide is characterized as an inhalant drug, used by those who like to “huff” chemicals. This would be better known as inhalant abuse. What nitrous oxide or as it is called by those who abuse it “whip its” do is they give a quick high that is accompanied by dizziness, a lack of coordination, and slurred speech. Since the effect of whip its is very brief many users tend to inhale it again and again, and this increases the euphoric effects.

One of the other slang terms for whip its is hippie crack. Whip its can be sold in small individual canisters or by entire tanks. Whip its are legal to purchase although illegal in many states if you plan to use them as a recreational drug which is why whip its are regulated by the Food and Drug administration and not the Drug Enforcement Agency. Nitrous oxide or whip its as a drug comes in many forms of inhalants including solvents and gasoline.

Like most drugs of course, whip its are not good for you. Whip its can cause hearing loss, liver and kidney damage, limb spasms, central nervous system or brain damage, brain marrow damage, heart failure, and suffocation. There is even a syndrome associated with whip its known as the “sudden sniffing death” or put simply “sudden death”. Whip its also can cause side effects that are very similar to frostbite.

And who uses whip its?

Young people seem to be drawn to inhalants in general just because they are so easy to obtain and can be found around the house. Whip its fall into that because they are so widely available. In 2011, 719,000 people aged 12 or older reported using inhalants for the first time within the prior twelve months according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse. Most of those users were under the age of18 when they first tried whip its. The average age for first use of whip its is around 16. A lot of the times whip its are sold in balloons at rock concerts.

Dentists also use “whip its” or rather nitrous oxide and if you are familiar with nitrous oxide you probably know it as laughing gas if you have never done a whip it. Whip its though aren’t quite the same as what you get at the dentist’s office. At the dentist’s office the dentist carefully monitors the amount of oxygen mixed in with the nitrous to make sure it’s safe.  Here is a fun fact though: many dental associations have been formed to make treatment programs for dentists who get addicted to their own nitrous oxide.

Whip its may seem like fun and they may seem especially safe because they are so easy to buy and get but the truth is whip its are really dangerous and can lead many people into an addiction they don’t know how to get out of.

Hallucinogens in Addiction Treatment

Hallucinogens in Addiction Treatment

Treating Drug Abuse with…Drugs?

An up-and-coming approach to treating drug abuse is the use of hallucinogens in addiction treatment. Specifically, researchers are looking to Ibogaine, a natural hallucinogen that has been used for centuries in other parts of the world for ritual ceremonies. Currently, Ibogaine is being used in some European countries and Mexico for the treatment of drug addiction.

What are Hallucinogens?

Hallucinogenic compounds found in some plants and mushrooms (or their extracts) have been used—mostly during religious rituals—for centuries. Almost all hallucinogens contain nitrogen and are classified as alkaloids. Many hallucinogens have chemical structures similar to those of natural neurotransmitters. While the exact mechanisms by which hallucinogens exert their effects remain unclear, research suggests that these drugs work, at least partially, by temporarily interfering with neurotransmitter action or by binding to their receptor sites.

Using Hallucinogens in Addiction Treatment

Ibogaine, is a naturally occurring psychoactive substance found in plants. A hallucinogen with both psychedelic and dissociative properties, the substance is banned in some countries; in other countries it is being used to treat addiction to methadone, heroin, alcohol, cocaine, methamphetamine, and other drugs. Derivatives of ibogaine that lack the substance’s hallucinogenic properties are under development.

And scientists say Ibogaine might be the best way to break drug addicts of their habit.

Ibogaine has intrigued researchers since 1962, when Howard Lotsof, a student at New York University and an opiate addict, found that a single dose erased his drug cravings without causing any withdrawal symptoms. Unfortunately, the hallucinogen can increase the risk of cardiac arrest, and the U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency lists it as a Schedule I substance, a classification for drugs like ecstasy and LSD with “no known medical value” and “high potential for abuse,” making it difficult to get federal funding to run clinical trials. That is, currently it is not legal to use hallucinogens in addiction treatment.

Animal tests have shown the drug’s medicinal promise. “Rats addicted to morphine will quit for weeks after receiving ibogaine,” says Stanley Glick, the director of the Center for Neuropharmacology and Neuroscience at Albany Medical College. And addicts have reported positive effects in Mexico and Europe, where ibogaine therapy is legal.

From the limited research, though, scientists have two theories about how the use of hallucinogens in addiction treatment works. Some say it’s purely biological—that ibogaine degrades into a compound that binds with opiate receptors in the brain to quiet cravings. Others believe that it is also psychological. Those who use hallucinogens report a change in perspective and outlook on life. Researchers believe that this aspect of the hallucination provides perspective on the negative aspects of drug use, and so the drug addict will strive to quit.

The Argument for the use of Hallucinogens in Addiction Treatment

Regardless of the mechanism, proving ibogaine works is essential to winning approval and funding for clinical trials of using hallucinogens in addiction treatment. And, in the U.S., the sooner the better: Nearly seven million Americans abuse illicit drugs, costing the nation an estimated $181 billion a year in health care, crime and lost productivity.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sources:

http://www.drugabuse.gov

http://www.popsci.com

www.wikipedia.org

Cocaine Maintenance Options

Cocaine Maintenance Options

The cocaine or stimulant problem in the United States has not disappeared. According to a 2007 government survey, 2.1 million Americans had used cocaine in the month prior to the survey and 1 million had taken other stimulants for nonmedical purposes including more than half a million users of methamphetamine. There are currently no treatments for cocaine addiction. The only treatment for cocaine or stimulant addiction is abstinence based rehab therapy. This means that only 1/3 of improve after treatment but most end up relapsing repeatedly. And despite decades of study there are still no approved medications for cocaine addiction.

So is there any hope for cocaine maintenance? Are there any cocaine maintenance options?

Cocaine maintenance options have not been studied extensively. The reason for this is because cocaine or an amphetamine replacement option can cause brain damage, psychosis, heart attack and stroke. Another problem is that cocaine maintenance options increase the users’ desire to use the drug more, rather than stopping cravings or satisfying it. Another concern is that a cocaine maintenance drug would excite the user and not relax them.

This hasn’t stopped research on cocaine maintenance from being studied though. The best studied drugs so far for cocaine maintenance options are dexamphetamine which is a form of amphetamine used in the drug Adderall and the drug Modafinil, the wakefulness drug used to treat narcolepsy and shift-work sleep disorder.

Dexamphetamine as a cocaine maintenance option

A British study followed 60 stimulant or cocaine addicts who were treated with the first cocaine maintenance option of dexamphetamine. Doctors tracked how well the patients did in comparison to 120 heroin addicts who were being treated with methadone. What the doctors found was an equal reduction in illicit drug use and drug injection. In both the cocaine group and the heroin group, about two-thirds of the patients stopped injecting over 10 months.

Modafinil as a cocaine maintenance option

Modafinil is a newer stimulant drug that doesn’t carry the risk of addiction like other amphetamines. This makes it almost a perfect candidate as an alternative maintenance drug. The only downfall to Modafinil is that it is less effective in treating the most severe addictions.

It is believed that many cocaine abusers or stimulant abusers suffer from attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). ADHD only affects about one percent of the general population and it shows up in about 30% of cocaine and amphetamine addicts. Psychiatrists are very hesitant to give ADHD medication to patients with a history of addiction but some studies have shown that cocaine maintenance may be exactly what this group of cocaine addicts or stimulant addicts need. It is believed that many cocaine addicts abused drugs as an attempt to self-medicate.

None of the research about cocaine maintenance option states that it will work for every cocaine addict. But there is never any kind of medical treatment that works 100% of the time. Many people believe the cocaine maintenance options are something that could be of real benefit for cocaine and stimulant addicts everywhere.

http://www.time.com/time/health/article/0,8599,1864767,00.html