Meth Overdose Symptoms

Meth Overdose Symptoms

Meth or methamphetamine is a central nervous system stimulant. Meth is a strong form of a stimulant that is illicitly sold on the streets. Meth is usually a white crystal-like powder, called “crystal meth”.

The meth powder can be snorted up the nose, smoked, swallowed or dissolved in water and injected into a vein. A meth overdose can result from any of these methods of ingestion. A meth overdose may be intentional or unintentional, and it may occur in users taking the meth for rare legitimate purposes or in those misusing the drug.

A meth overdose is most common in users who are injecting the meth, and first-time meth users who have no tolerance and are injecting the drug are particularly at risk. Meth is very rarely found in its pure form, so a meth overdose may also result from a reaction to the chemicals added to the drug. Because of this, meth overdose is possible even from a non-lethal dose, as users may be unable to accurately judge the amount of crystal meth they are actually consuming.

A meth overdose is also known as: Intoxication – amphetamines; Intoxication – uppers; Amphetamine intoxication; Uppers overdose; Overdose – methamphetamine; Crank overdose; Meth overdose; Crystal meth overdose; Speed overdose; Ice overdose

 A meth overdose can happen two ways: It can either be acute (sudden) or chronic (long term).

  • An acute meth overdose occurs when someone accidentally or intentionally takes too much meth and has side effects which can be life threatening.
  • A chronic meth overdose refers to health effects seen in someone who uses meth on a very regular basis.

What are the meth overdose symptoms?

Meth most often causes a general feeling of wellness or euphoria that is usually called a “rush” by its users. This rush of euphoria is why many people get addicted to meth or want to do meth in the first place. Meth can also cause symptoms such as increased heart rate, increased blood pressure, and large wide/dilated pupils.

If someone takes a large amount of meth they could end up overdosing on the drug. If someone overdoses on meth they will have meth overdose symptoms. Meth overdose symptoms are but are not limited to:

  • Agitation
  • Chest pain
  • Heart attack
  • Heart stops entirely
  • Coma (in extreme cases)
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Kidney damage and possibly kidney failure
  • Paranoia
  • Seizures
  • Severe stomach pain
  • Stroke

Long term use of meth can lead to significant psychological problems which would be or can be caused by an over use or over dose on meth over a long period of time. Here are some meth overdose symptoms that are apparent from a total over use of meth.

  • Severe inability to sleep (insomnia)
  • Major mood swings
  • Delusional behavior
  • Extreme paranoia

Other meth overdose symptoms may include but are not limited to:

  • Repeated infections
  • Missing and rotted teeth (called “meth mouth“)
  • Heart attack
  • Severe weight loss
  • Skin sores (boils)
  • Stroke

What do you do if someone has meth overdose symptoms?

If you think that someone has taken meth and they are having meth overdose symptoms, immediately get them medical help. Take extreme caution around someone who is having meth overdose symptoms especially if they seem to be extremely excited or paranoid.

Source:

http://www.projectknow.com/research/crystal-meth-overdose/

 

Meth Drug Abuse

Meth Drug Abuse

Meth Drug Abuse

Methamphetamine, also known as Chalk, Crank, Croak, Crypto, Crystal, Fire, Glass, Meth, Tweek, or White Cross, is a central nervous system stimulant. It increases energy, awareness, and alertness. In high doses, it causes a feeling of euphoria. Meth can be prescribed by a doctor, but this is rare, as its medical uses are limited. Most “street meth” is chemically concocted in small, illegal laboratories.

Meth is a crystalline, white, odorless powder. It dissolves easily in water. Meth can be taken orally, snorted, smoked or injected.

Meth acts on dopamine receptors in the brain. It stimulates the receptor to release a rush of dopamine which stimulates brain cells, increasing mood and energy. Dopamine is closely related to the reward centers in the brain, which is why meth drug abuse has such a high incidence of dependence and addiction.  Meth drug abuse has also been shown to have a neurotoxic effect on dopamine neurons over time, inducing Parkinson’s-like symptoms in long term users.

Clandestine meth labs produce much of the illegal meth available on the street for sale. These labs can operate in homes, trailers, barns, etc. Meth can be synthesized fairly easily from a variety of chemicals available for over-the-counter sale. The manufacture of meth can be dangerous, however, because it involves the use of flammable or corrosive chemicals. KissKL. Meth production also leaves behind a residue of toxic waste, which is hazardous to people living in or near a lab. Six pounds of toxic residue is generated for every pound of meth produced.

Since 1989, five federal and dozens of state laws have been passed to try to control the production of meth in the US. One of these laws prohibits pseudoephedrine-containing products (like Sudafed) from being sold on the counters. Pseudoephedrine is one of the ingredients in meth, and it now is kept behind the pharmacy counter. Purchasers are only allowed to buy small quantities of products containing pseudoephedrine, and they must show ID to be allowed to buy them.

Meth can cause serious long-term health problems. Chronic drug abuse can cause paranoia, hallucinations, repetitive behavior, and delusions of parasites or insects crawling under the skin. Meth drug abusers often scratch at their skin obsessively. Long term drug abusers often notice a degeneration of their teeth. This condition is known as “meth mouth.” Experts believe that this condition is caused by a combination of “dry mouth” caused by the drug, poor oral hygiene, and grinding of teeth often observed in meth addicts. Meth users often experience a decrease in sleep and appetite. The subsequent weight loss, lack of sleep, picking at skin, and “meth mouth” causes the rapid deterioration in physical appearance that is often observed in meth addicts.

Meth addiction is one of the most difficult forms of addictions to treat. Most chronic drug abusers experience heavy withdrawal symptoms when meth drug abuse is abruptly stopped. Several drugs are used to treat withdrawal symptoms and cravings, but their success rate is low. Because of the neurotoxicity caused by meth on dopamine neurons, post-acute withdrawal (withdrawal lasting for weeks or months) is common.